Resources – Canada

Richard Drdla Associates:  NATIONAL HOUSING STRATEGY: Inclusionary Zoning – Domestic and International Practices; CMHC; December 2016.

This paper examines inclusionary zoning and related inclusionary housing policies as practised in the four countries: the US, England, Canada and Australia.  In addition to a detailed review of those practices, it provides an overview highlighting their main similarities and differences, and also summarizes some of the key lessons for Canada that can be drawn from this experience.  Read the Report

Richard Drdla Associates:  A Guide to Developing Inclusionary Housing Programs; Acorn Institute Canada:  September 2010.  

This guide examines the main features of  inclusionary housing that should be addressed, together with the main principles and key practices that should be followed, to implement a productive program.    The material draws to a large extent upon the best practices widely used across the US in their inclusionary zoning programs.   Read the report.

This guide was prepared through funding provided by the Catherine Donnelly Foundation.

Richard Drdla Associates:  An Introduction to Inclusionary Housing Programs;  Wellesley Institute; July 2010.

The report provides a comprehensive description of the inclusionary housing programs as used in the US.   It describes what these programs are, and how they compare with social housing programs seen to date in Canada.   It identifies and examines their key features,  including housing set-asides, income targets, subject developments, compliance alternatives, cost offsets and affordability controls.   It concludes by outlining the main lessons that can be learned from the US experience and applied in Canada.  Read the report.

John Gladki and Steve Pomeroy:  Implementing Inclusionary Policy to Facilitate Affordable Housing Development in Ontario;  Ontario Non-Profit Housing Association; October 2007.

This paper examines the legal and practical considerations affecting the  implementation of inclusionary policies in Ontario, and offers various recommendations for dealing with them.  Included is an assessment of the economic feasibility, and a review of the relevant planning law. Read the paper

Richard Drdla Associates:  Affordable Housing Mandates: Regulatory Measures used by States, Provinces and Metropolitan Areas to Support Affordable Housing; CMHC, August 2001.

This report examines the affordable housing mandates that have been used by upper-tier jurisdictions in the US and Canada to oblige their constituent municipalities to provide for affordable housing.  It focuses principally on the demanding and precedent-setting mandates in New Jersey, California, and Massachusetts.  It also looks at the comparable but weaker mandates in British Columbia, Ontario,  Connecticut, and the Portland and Minneapolis/St Paul metropolitan areas.

Under the best of these mandates, municipalities are obliged to use  their  planning regulations and the development approval process to support the provision of affordable housing in affirmative and effective ways that go well beyond the  “good planning” practices seen in Canada.  Read the Report.

Julie Mah:  Can Inclusionary Zoning Help Address the Shortage of Affordable Housing Toronto?; Canadian Policy Research, December 2009.

This report reviews the basics and economics of inclusionary zoning, looks at the inclusionary practices in Vancouver and Montreal, and examines the legal and practical issues of adapting inclusionary zoning in Toronto.   Read the report.

Nellie Chang:  Inclusionary Housing for the Provision of Affordable Housing:  A Comparative Analysis of Vancouver and San Francisco;   Symposium on Affordable and Sustainable Housing, University of British Columbia;  October 2009.

This paper examines and compares the inclusionary policies of Vancouver and San Francisco.   Read the report.


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